The Prevalence and aetiology of Hydronephrosis in adults aetiology of Hydronephrosis
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Introduction: Hydronephrosis is usually caused by an underlying medical condition or risk occasionally as congenital blockage, unilateral obstructive uropathy, kidney stones, UTIs, tissue scarring, blood clots, neuromuscular problems, Cancer or BPH and pregnancy. This current study was directed to determine the etiological factors and prevalence of Hydronephrosis
Material and Methods: A Retrospective study conducted at two private health care setups in Gujranwala, Pakistan. After Informed consent data was collected over period of 8 Months January 2020 to September 2020. Data was analysed on SPSS version 20 frequencies and percentages were mentioned. Aetiological factors of Hydronephrosis were evaluated on ultrasound.
Results: This study included 213 patients in which age group of 41-50 years 45% were most prevalent in presenting with Hydronephrosis. Gender Includes 30% females and 70% males. About 86% had Hydronephrosis in Unilateral kidney and 13% in bilateral kidneys. The grading of Hydronephrosis was found as highest in Grade2: 122 (57.3%). The causes of Hydronephrosis was observed on Ultrasound and found most prevalent cases of Calculi 60%, 13% females had Hydronephrosis due to Pregnancy, 8.9% males had Hydronephrosis due to Benign Prostrate Hyperplasia.
Conclusion: The study concluded that Renal Calculi are the most prevalent cause of Hydronephrosis following Pregnancy and BPH.
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