Impact of nutrition education interventions on milk consumption among students (20-22 years)

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Fakeeha maryam Amina Chughtai, Ms. Sanaullah Iqbal, Dr. Sajid Khan Tahir, Dr.

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine changes in nutrition knowledge, attitude, and practices of 20-22 years students after the nutrition education intervention. It was a pre-post-test study and we selected 153 students from three institutions of Lahore city. Eight nutrition education lectures were delivered to the students and the effectiveness of these lectures was evaluated by pre and post testing of students. The data collection instruments were KAP (knowledge, attitude, and practices) questionnaire and FFQ (food frequency questionnaire). First, post-testing was done after the nutrition education lectures. Second post-testing was done after two months to evaluate the retention span of nutrition education lectures on student’s knowledge, attitude, and practices. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 20.0. The mean score of correct answers of KAP (knowledge, attitude, and practices) questionnaire was (6.75± 2.26) at pre-test and mean score of correct answers of first post testing was (23.81±2.49) and the mean score after second post testing was (23.79±2.58). Results indicated that there was a significant increase (P>0.05) in KAP (knowledge, attitude, and practices) of students after nutrition intervention. While the results of two post testing showed that there was no significant difference (p=0.732) in overall KAP score of participants. Results of food frequency tables showed that consumption of fresh milk and milkshake was increased after nutrition education intervention. In conclusion, the study showed that nutrition education interventions were effective in improving the KAP of students regarding milk consumption patterns. It is hoped that improvements would be sustained throughout their lives.

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