Impact of school-based nutrition education intervention on consumption of fruits and vegetables among middle school children (age 7-10 years)

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Faiza Iftikhar Amina Chughtai, Ms. Sanaullah Iqbal, Dr. Sajid Khan Tahir, Dr.

Abstract

To evaluate the impact of school-based nutrition education intervention on the consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) among middle school children. It was a quantitative study. One-eighty students were selected via purposive sampling and divided into two groups, control (G1= 90) and intervention group (G2=90). The intervention consisted of nutrition education lectures related to the importance, benefits, and consumption of fruits and vegetables. The data collection instruments included knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Subjects were measured at baseline and at 2 months post-treatment.  Before the intervention, no significant difference was observed between the intervention and control group regarding knowledge, attitude and practices related to fruits and vegetable consumption (P>0.05). However, after the educational intervention, the mean score of knowledge (14.20±2.07), attitude (5.38±0.99) and practices (17.6±2.48) related to fruits and vegetables consumption were significantly higher in the intervention group when compared to the control group (P>0.05). Consumption of fewer fruits and vegetables included: banana (87.8%), apple (82.2%), mango (77.8%), cucumber (63.3%), vegetable salad (55.6%) and potato (86.7%) were increased in the intervention group after nutrition education intervention. School-based nutrition education intervention on the consumption of fruits and vegetables is most likely to be effective to increase nutrition knowledge and modify attitude and practices of children related to fruits and vegetable consumption. Future researches should be conducted on school-based interventions with longer intervention periods and higher sustainability.

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